Yoga is an anaerobic activity with many physical and emotional/spiritual benefits. Strength, flexibility and stamina improve with yoga practice. Generally all anaerobic activities build muscle and improve respiratory fitness, making them an important companion to aerobic activities. The breathing techniques utilized in yoga have been proven to help treat hypertension and diabetes. Yoga and meditation provide stress relief and relaxation.
|Spaced out Tadasana samasthiti or Mountain Pose with Anjali mudra|
Yoga consists of Asanas or poses, Mudras or hand symbols, and Bandhas or body locks.
|Janana mudra in Svastikasana|
Mudras effect the energy flow of the body. Mudra in Sanskrit means "seal or closure" which makes sense since the mudras are like a seal on the asanas, an extension of attitude, a gesture that completes the pose. Personally, I wasn't sure what to make of them at first, but I've been surprised at how much of an effect they have on me. Sometimes they help strengthen a pose, like in warrior three where I use my hands to balance and visualize energy flowing straight through me. At other times they have more of a spiritual value, like when the anjali mudra is used to bow in Namaste or the janana mudra in svastikasana for meditation (pictured above). Some great examples include Anjali Mudra (Prayer, pictured at the top), Padma Mudra (Lotus) & Janana Mudra (Ok, pictured above).
|Garudasana or Eagle Pose|
The Three Major Bandhas:
Jalandhara Bandha or Throat Lock involves tucking the chin into the chest, making the throat tight
Uddiyana Bandha is a contraction or firing up of the abdominal muscles
Mula Bandha involves the pelvic floor or perineum being engaged and tightened
The Bandhas are points to focus on, ways to strengthen the asanas and really hold in the pose building endurance and strength. There have been so many times in class where I've been wobbling trying to find my balance and the instructor will call out to tighten up the uddiyana bandha and in doing so I find that I can firmly hold the pose.
|If I fire up my Uddiyanna bandha in half moon pose or Ardha Chandrasana, |
I can hold it on just the one leg without support from a block or bottom arm.
As I've expanded my studies of yoga outside the classroom, I've found some helpful sites and joined a new community of yogis on social media. I love the reversible design, grip of the material and thickness of the mat I purchased from Gaiam.
Yoga Journal has helpful pictures of poses as well as videos
and more information about the benefits of yoga.
I've been listening to Here Comes The Sun for Sun Salutations
& Nahko And Medicine For The People for general practice.